Study Of Some Lagos State Secondary School Students From High And Low Socio-Economic Status Homes Regarding Juvenile Delinquency

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Juvenile Delinquency


This study is on Impact of Juvenile Delinquency on Academic Performance of Junior Secondary School Social Studies Students in Zaria educational zone in Kaduna State. The study made use of three research questions and three null hypotheses. The population of respondents for the study was 34,564 students from public schools in Zaria Educational Zone. The sample size was 80 JS3 students from GGSS Chindit and GGSS Kofan Gayanan. The data for the study was collected by the use of test instrument with reliability of 0.82. The student t-test was used to test the hypotheses formulated for the study. The hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The findings showed that: non delinquent students performed better than delinquent students even without treatment. Non delinquent students performed better than delinquent students even when taught together. There was higher level of delinquency among the older juvenile than the younger ones.The academic performance of delinquent students improved after been taught. The researcher made the following recommendations among others that: Delinquent students should be shown love by teachers as this will instill value and self esteem in the students which will in turn enhance learning. Teachers should not neglect delinquent students in the course of teaching but rather try to understand each student as an individual and treat each as such.Counselling units should be set up in all secondary schools in Zaria educational zone. School authorities should always seek the support of parents in formulating policies. Conclusions were drawn and recommendations for further researches were made.



1.1 Background to the study. In every society, there are sets of norms which members are expected to observe, however, not every member of the society abides by those norms. Members who live contrary to the set norms are referred to as delinquents. Juvenile delinquency according to Ben-Yunusa (1998) initially has to do with children’s offences, misconduct or crime for which, it is thought, they are not directly responsible .Bello (2006) observed that delinquent behaviours have assumed an alarming proportion in Nigeria. Nigerians are disturbed and anxious as they are concerned about the problem of delinquency in which today’s youths involve themselves. The issue of juvenile delinquency is being discussed on television, radio, newspapers and journals and recently on the internet. This cankerworm seems to survive despite efforts made by religious and moral education teachers to eliminate them through the inculcation of moral values in schools. English and English in Ben-Yunusa (1998) defined delinquency as a relatively minor violation of legal or moral code by children or adolescents. However, no delinquent act should be considered as minor because any act of delinquency can result to serious damage.

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