The Impact Of School Counselors’ Roles In Preventing The Spread Of Hiv And Aids In Nigeria
THE IMPACT OF SCHOOL COUNSELORS’ ROLES IN PREVENTING THE SPREAD OF HIV AND AIDS IN NIGERIA
School Counselors’ Roles
The study investigated the level of awareness of HIV/AIDS among secondary school students in
Osun State, It assessed the precautionary measures taken by secondary school students against
the transmission of HIV/AIDS and appraised the activities of school counsellors in the prevention of
HIV/AIDS. The study was an ex-post facto. Data were collected through a survey that was
conducted among secondary school students in ten Local Government Areas (LGA) of Osun State.
The results showed that level of awareness of HIV/AIDS among the students was high. Majority of
the respondents (99.0%) indicated that they had heard about AIDS. Also, 98.0% believed that there
is AIDS. However, 67.9% indicated that they have never seen an AIDS patient. With regard to how
AIDS can be contacted, majority of the respondents (85.7%) indicated through sharing of syringes,
blade and shaving kits, sexual intercourse with an infected person (82.0%), transfusion of infected
blood (81.3%) and homosexuality (63.8%). Awareness of HIV/AIDS had a positive relationship with
the practice of precautionary measures against the transmission of the disease (r= 0.20, p<0.05).
There was also a significant relationship between activities of school counselors and the practice of
precautionary measures (r= 0.32, p<0.05). The results however showed no significant difference
between male and female secondary school students in their practice of precautionary measures
against the transmission of HIV/AIDS (t = 0.89, p> 0.05). The study concluded that school
counsellors are indispensable in the prevention of HIV/AIDS among secondary school students and
that effective health education is the antidote for the prevention and spread of the pandemic.