ASSESSMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION PRACTICES IN IKEJA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE

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ASSESSMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION PRACTICES IN IKEJA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE – NIGERIA

Abstract
This project paper is developed from the one month’s
attachment to Lagos State, from the 22nd of April, 1985 –
17th May, 1983.
The attachment offered me the opportunity to observe
and assess the effectiveness of environmental sanitation
practice, as a measure of effective health care delivery,
as applicable to Lagos State of Nigeria, (with special
reference to Ikeja Local Government Area).
The aim of environmental sanitation over the decade,
is the improvement of people’s health. This cannot be
automatically achieved merely by providing sanitary facilities,
especially if these are provided to meet traditional
economic and. financial constraints. The incidence of
diseases associated with poor environmental health can be
characterised by the level of diseases in many developing
countries of the world. The best methods and ways of combating these diseases, in view of cost effectiveness should
be the provision of safe drinking water, practice of food
hygiene, proper removal and safe disposal of refuse,
eliminating other sources and conditions that are conducive
to the survival of diseases. Although the planning and
practice of environmental health in the past, had received
secondary attention with series of crisis and problems,
vii
but with the present development on health programmes in the
Nigerian society, its value to the promotion of good health
has been recognised (especially in Lagos State where we
have free health services). It has also been realised that
curative medicine without preventive measures cannot solve
our health care delivery problems, despite the huge amount
of money being spent annually by Federal, State and Local
Government authorities, on curative medicine.
As experience gained in modern Health management services
increased, there is responding awareness that diseases and
disability prevention through environmental health control
practices can help in reducing the soaring costs of health
care delivery services. Therefore, there is need for
thorough inter-sectional planning, controlling and effective
administration. These could be achieved through the functional
guidelines within the frame work of the agreement reached at
Alma-Ata, in Russia (USSR), declaration of 12th September,
1978. The conference was Jointly sponsored by the W.H.O.
and the U.N.I.F.E.F., and the theme of the conference was
“TITLED” – ACHIEVEMENT OF “HEALTH FOR ALL BY THE YEAR 2,000”.
This project work provides a comprehensive knowledge of
the roles, problems and effects of diseases associated with
poor environmental sanitation. It highlighted measures that
can be implemented with limited resources for the improvement
and maintenance of good health.

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page- – – – – – – – – i
Approval page – – – – – – – -ii
Dedication – – – – – – – – -iii
Acknowledgement – – – – – – – -iv
Abstract – – – – – – – – – -v
Table of content – – – – – – – -vi

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION – – – – – – – -1
1.0 Background of the study – – – – -1
1.1 Statement of the problem – – – – -5
1.2 Purpose of the study – – – – – -6
1.3 Significance of the study – – – – -8
1.4 Research questions – – – – – -9
1.5 Scope of the study – – – – – – -10

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW – – – – – – -11

CHAPTER THREE

Research methodology – – – – – – -39
Design of study – – – – – – – -40

CHAPTER FOUR

Presentation, analysis and interpretation of data – -48

CHAPTER FIVE

Summary of findings – – – – – – -60
Conclusion – – – – – – – – -61
Recommendations – – – – – – – -62
Suggestions for further research – – – – -64
References – – – – – – – – -65
Appendix I – – – – — – – – -68
Questionnaire. – – – – – – – -69

ASSESSMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION PRACTICES IN IKEJA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE – NIGERIA


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