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Contemporary African Literature is believed to be revolutionary literature that looks critical into contemporary social situations with a view of amending the wrongs therein. However, no writer writes in a vacuum but within the scope of human experiences, happening around him, and particularly the experiences he met on the ground in his society. This is the Orature of his society. The tool adopted for this research was the sociological theory, this is because it encompasses the way of life and experiences of people in a given society. The research made use of the stratified sampling method, where relevant texts were applied to the theory for analysis.

A number of discoveries were made in this research first, there would be no written literature without orature. It was also discovered that there are no people, society or race without their inherent Oral traditions that distinguish them. Consequently, agreeable conclusions were drawn on the relationship between Orature and Modern African Literature. We were able to view Orature as the founder of Modern African Literature. In conclusion, the an undeniable link between Orature and Written Literature.



1.1     Background to the Study

Modern African Literature is believed by some critics to be a transition from spoken words to the written form of it, especially in relation to the expression of African beliefs and world views.  Thus, except for the language issue which alienates  Modern African Literature from its root, the experiences expressed therein remain essentially African.  To ensure the maintenance of African identity, However,  deliberate efforts are made by writers to reach the grassroots by switching over to vernacular as a more towards revolutionizing the contemporary African Literature, while some only limit their zeal to a full exploration of African values.

Furthermore, no definition of written literature can be said to be complete without a prior reference to its origin in whatever setting, be it, African or European.  The literature of a set of people does not emerge from a vacuum.  It is the fundamentals of a set of people that make up their written literature, whether these fundamentals are written or unwritten.  Therefore, it is erroneous to stress the written aspect of literature alone and ignore the oral aspect.  Whatever becomes written has been in existence in the unwritten form.  The general consensus is that written literature borrows some features from unwritten literature in terms of content and even style.

It is this situation, that is the deployment of oral forms in the writing of Modern African writers that have become of interest to this writer.  hence, in this project, we intend to study the features of oral literature that may be present in Wole Soyinka’s “The Beatification of Area Boy”.


Many works have been done on Soyinka’s plays and the other genres of literature.  More particularly, this Beatification of Area Boy but we are not aware of a  particular one on Orature in Modern African Literature therefore, an in-depth analysis of Modern African Literature which in fact forms the main principles of the entire play will be made so that readers can appreciate the beauty of the work and understand it better.


The basis of this research work is to make clear the relevance of  Oral Literature in Modern African Literature, using: Wole Soyinka’s “The Beatification of Area Boy” which seem to have a number of oratory features embedded in it.  This research work is a worthwhile exercise because oral literature has its origin in African literature which some critics regard has been non-scholastic. Hence, this research work is going to make known its importance to the writing of the play, “The Beatification of Area Boy”  and then to the Modern African Literature at large.


This research work shall be restricted to examining oral literature in “The Beatification of Area Boy”  relating it to the Modern African Literature.  as many as possible elements of Orature found in “The Beatification of Area Boy”  that can be related to the Modern African Literature shall be pointed out.  As the research topic is Orature in Modern African Literature Using:  Wole Soyinka’s the beatification of Area Boy.  Some dramatic elements in the Beatification of Area Boy shall also be considered.


The research topic  Orature in Modern African Literature using:  Wole  Soyinka’s The Beatification of Area Boy”  was carefully selected by the researcher and intentionally combined as both terms are somewhat interwoven, ie there’s no how Modern African Literature will be analyses without due reference to orature which is more of an African act and which also forms the basis of the written literature.

This theory will highlight a number of oratory features that can be found in “The Beatification and its relation to Modern African Literature. The tool adopted for this research shall be the sociological school of Literature. This theory is relevant since it encompasses the way of life, relationship and the diverse challenges faced by the people in a given society or community.

The researcher relies primarily on the relationship between the text and society.  The stratified sampling method under the systematic method will be adopted.  This is because different characteristics available in the textual population which are Orature and Modern African Literature will be taken into cognizance, and applied for analysis, appropriately. Relevant primary and secondary material sources will be used as instruments of interrogation.  This includes the use of the library and other relevant and useful texts on the research topic, that the researcher comes across.

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