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Title page 1Approval page 2Certification 3Dedication 5Acknowledgement 6Table of content 7Abstract 11


1.0 Introduction 121.1 Background of the Study 121.2 Statement of problem 161.3 Research questions 171.4 Objective of the study 181.5 Statement of hypothesis 1881.6 Significance of the study 191.7 Scope of the study 201.8 Limitation of the study 201.9 Definition of key terms 21


2.0 Introduction 242.1 Literature review 242.2 The nature and concept of public enterprises 242.3 Performance of public enterprises in Nigeria 282.4 Problems of public enterprises in Nigeria 352.5 Public enterprises privatization in Nigeria 412.6 Concept of privatization 522.7 Types of privatization 55REFERENCES 57


3.0 Introduction 593.1 Research Questions 593.2 Source of Data 6093.2.1 Primary source of data 603.2.2 Secondary source of data 603.3 Area of Study 613.4 Population of the study 613.4.1 Sampling design and technique 613.5 Instrument of data collection 633.6 Reliability of the test Instrument 633.7 Validity of the research instrument 633.8 Method of data Analysis 64


4.0 Analysis of data and testing of hypothesis 664.1 Data presentation and analysis 664.2 Test of hypothesis 734.3 Tabulating the result 8410


5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation 865.1 Summary 865.2 Conclusion 875.3 Recommendation 88BIBLIOGRAPHY 90APPENDIX I 93APPENDIX II 9411


Despite an impressive level of privatization activity across Africa and the upsurge in search of the operating performance of privatized firms in both develop and developing economies, our empirical knowledge of the privatization program in Africa is limited. The purpose of this study is to appraise the post privatization cost and operating performance as well as accountability of some privatized public enterprises in Nigeria. A survey research design was adopted for the study, sixty five internal audit and thirty five accounting.Totally one hundred was randomly sampled and stratified among the staff of Oando plc Enugu state. Three research questions and hypothesis tested at 0.05 percent level of significance guided the study. Frequencies, percentages, mean and standard deviation were employed to answer the research questions while Z-test statistics were used to test the hypothesis. It was found that privatization of unipetrol has led to efficient and improved cost performance, and proper accountability to share holders. We conclude and recommend among others that effective cost performance and proper accountability to share holders is very necessary in privatized public enterprises and that government should prive the entire necessary enabling environment for the privatized company to carry out their activities without unnecessarily increasing their cost.12


1.1 Background of the StudyPrivatization of state-owned enterprises has become an important phenomenon in both developed and developing countries. Over the last decade, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) have been privatized at an increasing rate, particularly in developing countries (DCs). Privatization has become an important phenomenon in both developed and developing countries. Over the past decade, privatization attempts have been occurring at an increasing rate, especially in developing countries. The compound annual average growth rate was around 10% between 1990 and 2000, with global privatization revenues jumping from $25 billion in 1990 to $200 billion in 2000. The number of countries that have implemented privatization policies has exceeded 110, not to mention that privatization has touched almost every aspect of economic activity (Shadeh, 2002).

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