THE IMPACT OF STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT PROGRAMME (SAP) ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN KAURU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE

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THE IMPACT OF STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT PROGRAMME (SAP) ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN KAURU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE

Abstract:

For over two decades, the Nigerian policy makers have been grappling with how to improve the agricultural sector which is considered the focal point of the economy. In the 1970s and up to the mid – 80s a number of institutions and policies were set in motion to create self-sufficiency in food and fibre production. But this desire has remained illusive and so, in 1986, the Federal Government had to deregulate the economy. After more than a decade of economic deregulation or Structural Adjustment Programme, (SAP) what has been its impact on the agricultural sector? This is the question that informed this study. To find out the impact of SAP on agricultural production in Kauru LGA. A set of questionnaires were designed to collect relevant data which will help in studying this phenomenon. The study covered 18 villages which were selected using stratified sampling technique. A total of 360 questionnaires were distributed, while 302 copies were duly completed and returned. Relevant descriptive and inferential statistics like Spearman’s Rank Correlation Coefficient and the two-tailed ‘t’ test were used for the data analysis. It was observed in this study that increased agricultural productivity can be achieved under economic deregulation and Structural Adjustment Programme, but the government should create rural financial institutions in order to make credit available to the rural farmers. SAP has brought about higher producer prices, but this could not be ix sustained for long as it. was soon subsumed by the high eost of production and of other commodities which the farmer do not produce. The major problems created by SAP however, are the high cost of inputs due to their scarcity, high cost of transportation, daily fluctuation of producer prices and so on

THE IMPACT OF STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT PROGRAMME (SAP) ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN KAURU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE

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