RURAL , DEVELOPMENT AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY THE ROLE OE SASAKAWA GLOBAL 2OOO IN LEREZONE OF KADUNA STATE

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RURAL , DEVELOPMENT AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY THE ROLE OE SASAKAWA GLOBAL 2OOO IN LEREZONE OF KADUNA STATE

Abstract:

This thesis assessed the role of Sasakawa Global 2000 in technology transfer to facilitate peasant farmers’ productivity in Lere zone of Kaduna State. The main objectives of the study were to examine the socio-economic characteristics of the farmers in the zone, to examine the Production efficiency of the resources used in production and how they have influenced the farmers’ agricultural productivity, with special reference to level of output,level of income and standard of living. The results of our investigation indicated that the Lere zone of the Kaduna State SG2000 programme witnessed a highly remarkable production efficiency during the period under review,which can partly be attributed to the level of awareness and adoption of the new technological packages of the SG2000. The empirical results obtained showed that the farmers utilized their resources efficiently. For example, the overall significance of the independent variables (Labour and capital) on the dependent variable (output) in the linear estimate analysis was R2 • 0.6220, while in the log estimate analysis, R2 = 0.6600. This showed that labour and capital in the estimates accounted for 62% or 66% variation in the dependent variable. Thus, the result was plausible, as it went to prove that labour and capital are not the only determinants of productivity. Moreso, in the determination of Average value productivity and Marginal value productivity, the observation made from the linear and log estimates analyses indicated an increasing return to scale in the zone, though, capital played a dominant role and tended to have higher average value productivity and marginal value productivity. For the hypothesis verification, the results indicated that there was a positive correlation between level of output (independent variable) and the level of income (dependent variable). Testing for the overall significant at 5% level of significance, R2 values in both linear and log estimates showed 87% and 88% respectively. The two values suggested that about 87% or 88% of the variation in the level of income was explained by the level of output (independent variable). Thus, the data supported our hypothesis; new improved technology can boost agricultural productivity and enhance rural development through an increase in the level of income of peasant farmers. With these key findings we therefore recommend that for continuous effective and sustainable agricultural productivity in Lere zone and in other project states, government should assist the SG2000 programme by providing agricultural incentives to farmers such as tax supports on farm produce and the provision of fertilizer depots in rural areas. Such efforts will put the new improved technology within a proper context in the country’s overall development priorities and planning strategies. Secondly, there is need for constant agricultural profitability studies in order to ensure that farm inputs prices are fixed at realistic levels so that small scale farmers will be able to afford them.

RURAL , DEVELOPMENT AND AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY THE ROLE OE SASAKAWA GLOBAL 2OOO IN LEREZONE OF KADUNA STATE

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