SEROPREVALENCE OF BRUCELLA, KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES OF SMALL RUMINANT STAKEHOLDERS IN KADUNA NORTH AND SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

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SEROPREVALENCE OF BRUCELLA, KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES OF SMALL RUMINANT STAKEHOLDERS IN KADUNA NORTH AND SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

Abstract:

Brucellosis is an infectious disease of domestic and wild animals and one of the commonest zoonosis caused by a facultative, Gram-negative, coccobacilli and intracellular bacteria of the genus Brucella. A seroprevalence survey of Brucella, knowledge and practices of small ruminants stakeholders was carried out in Kaduna North and South LGAs of Kaduna State, Nigeria. A total of 1,256 serum samples from 696 goats and 560 sheep were used to evaluate for Brucella antibodies using Modified Rose Bengal Plate Test (M-RBPT) with B. melitensis antigen and Serum Agglutination Test with ethylene diaminotetraacetic acid (SAT-EDTA). Also, 66 structured questionnaires were used to determine the knowledge and practices of livestock owners in the study areas. Similarly, 54 structured questionnaires were also administered to human medical professionals to determine their knowledge of brucellosis in humans. The result revealed a Brucella seroprevalence of 8.49 % and 14.85% by M–RBPT and SAT–EDTA in respectively goats, and 9.11% and 17.12% by M–RBPT and SAT–EDTA in respectively sheep. The seroprevalence varied between the two LGAs and between goats and sheep in each LGA. In goats a seroprevalence of 15.12% was recorded in Kaduna North LGA while 14.5% seroprevalence of was recorded for Kaduna South LGA using SAT–EDTA. The difference in seroprevalence between goats and sheep was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). Of the 66 structured questionnaires for the livestock owners, 49 (74.24 %) of the respondents indicated having knowledge about brucellosis in animals and of this number, 2 (3.03 %) indicated the media as source of their information (knowledge) of the disease, while 27 (40.91 %) and 19 (28.79 %) other viii respondents indicated their source of knowledge of brucellosis in animals to be farmers and veterinary professionals respectively. All the 54 (100%) human medical profession personnel’s interviewed indicated having heard of brucellosis in humans but none of them (0%) had ever encountered the disease in the course of their practice. Regarding knowledge of brucellosis as zoonotic, 42 (77.78%) of the human medical professionals reported knowing brucellosis as a zoonotic disease. In addition 40 (74.10%) of the human medical professionals indicated knowing brucellosis to cause abortion in humans. This study revealed that Brucella organism is circulating in small ruminants in the study areas, and also, there is awareness of the disease problem in animals and human beings by the livestock owners and human medical professionals in the study areas. Policy makers in both the human and livestock sectors therefore, need to embark on measures to prevent the occurrence as well as the spread of brucellosis among animals and subsequent transmission to the human populace.

SEROPREVALENCE OF BRUCELLA, KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES OF SMALL RUMINANT STAKEHOLDERS IN KADUNA NORTH AND SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS, KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

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