PROSPECTIVE AND RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF SOME ANTHROPOMETRIC AND REPRODUCTIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF GRAVID AND MENOPAUSAL NIGERIAN WOMEN

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PROSPECTIVE AND RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF SOME ANTHROPOMETRIC AND REPRODUCTIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF GRAVID AND MENOPAUSAL NIGERIAN WOMEN

ABSTRACT

This study investigated some anthropometric and reproductive characteristics associated with nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) and menopause among Nigerian women. Subjects for this study were drawn from the three major ethnic groups in Nigeria and were divided into two groups viz; a prospective study group (n = 344) which constitute gravid women and a retrospective group (n = 324) which consist of menopausal women. Data was collected through questionnaire via oral interview and recall from these women while anthropometric variables were obtained following standard protocol. The result showed that an early menarcheal age, higher educational level, increased parity and age at menopause significantly (P<0.05) association with NVP in one group but not in the other. Although not significant, a higher proportion of women born in wet season, having a higher economic status, an early child birth and carrying female foetuses reported having NVP. So also were variations in the ethnic report of NVP among the study population. This study also suggest a high prevalence (43.71%) of NVP among Nigerian women and an increased incidence over the years with women of Igbo origin having the highest incidence (53.91%) and Hausa’s the least incidence (34.80%). NVP was found to impose some limitation and emotional challenge on these women with exposure to certain smell and certain food being the most aggravating factor. Both pharmaceutical and complimentary medicines were used for management of NVP and lying down was a common manoeuvre as management among those who did not use drugs. Factors found to significantly associated with the age at menopause are religion, ethnicity, parity and age at marriage (P<0.0001). Other variables that also showed significant

PROSPECTIVE AND RETROSPECTIVE STUDY OF SOME ANTHROPOMETRIC AND REPRODUCTIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF GRAVID AND MENOPAUSAL NIGERIAN WOMEN

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