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The topic of the study is the effects of mother tongue in the study of Physics in secondary school in MUBI north LGA of Adamawa state. The aim is to know how the mother tongue affects the learning of Physics in Secondary school especially in four selected schools in MUBI north LGA of Adamawa state. The targeted population for the study was 500 but collection was questionnaires. The questionnaires were distributed to the four schools selected in MUBI north LGA of Adamawa state. The data were analyzed using percentage. The following were the researchers findings. That  teachers of Physics in Mubi north  do not have teaching aids in their various school visited. That students are hardly fluent in Physics   language. That most of the Physics teachers are not qualified that students are hardly buy books in Physics. That most student are very poor in understanding some of the Physics vocabularies. In view of the above, the researcher recommends that teachers should be made to make use of correct teaching method in teaching of Physics that  mother tongue should be restricted as stipulated by the national policy on education 4th edition. That student should be taught and made  to speak Physics always. That teachers of the Physics should be made to ensure that  at least every student is carried along in the classroom lesson. That qualified teachers should be employed.


 Table of Content

Title page          –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       i

Approval page    –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       ii

Certification        –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       iii

Dedication         –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       iv

Acknowledgement      –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       v

Table of Contents       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       vi

Abstract     –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       vii

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION                                            1

1.1    Background of the study     –       –       –       –       –       –       1-2

1.2    Statement of the problem    –       –       –       –       –       –       3

1.3    Significance of the study     –       –       –       –       –       –       4

1.4    Purpose of the study   –       –       –       –       –       –       –       6

1.5    Research Question      –       –       –       –       –       –       –       6

1.6    Hypothesis                 –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       6

1.7    Scope of the study      –       –       –       –       –       –       –       7

1.8    Definition of terms      –       –       –       –       –       –       –       7

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW                                  

2.1    Brief History of the development, teaching and learning of the

Physics in Nigeria               –       –       –       –       –       9-13

2.2    The Medium of Communication    –       –       –       –       –       14-15

2.3    Interference of Second Language –       –       –       –       –       16-17

2.4    Language uses in Nigeria    –       –       –       –       –       –       18

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCHER METHODS                           

3.1    Research   Design      –       –       –       –       –       –       –       20

3.2    Area of Study     –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       21

3.3    Population of the Study               –       –       –       –       –       21

3.4    Instrument for Data Collection      –       –       –       –       –       23

3.5    Validation of Instrument      –       –       –       –       –       –       23

3.6    Reliability of the Instrument         –       –       –       –       –       –       23

3.7    Data Collection   –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       24

3.8    Data Analysis     –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       24

CHAPTER FOUR:                                                                      25

Presentation of Results                –       –       –       –       –       –       –       25-35

CHAPTER FIVE                                                                                       



5.1    Discussion of Finding –       –       –       –       –       –       –       36

5.2    Summary   –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       37

5.3    Conclusion –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       38

5.4    Implication of Finding –       –       –       –       –       –       –       39

5.5    Recommendation        –       –       –       –       –       –       –       40

5.6    Suggestions for further research  –       –       –       –       –       41







Background of the Study.

Language is a creation which every human being is endowed with or blessed; a unique gift of language is used naturally as one tool of expression consisting of different sub skills.


Mother tongue is one’s native language. A language besides being the major distinguishing phenomenon between man and other creatures is evidently the most enduring of every people’s cultural heritage. It reflects the culture of a people and it is in extricable bound up with it.

Language is an important tool that enhances human communication and interaction. It is a vital instrument in cultural transmission and preservation of a social group. It is in a fundamental sense, a crucial tool in the preservation and propagation of the human species. An examination of the linguistic content of a particular speech community can provide information about the life style, occupation etc. of a given people.

The Physics beings the national official language for the British colonies of which Nigeria is among makes it our second language. Hence, our respective mother tongue exists before colonization. This has necessitated the teaching and learning of the Physics and its consequent interference in our mother tongue in various study points nation wide. It is therefore, glaring to state that, Nigeria is a linguistically complex society by the mere fact of the history of its creation. It is estimated that there are between 250 and 400 language spoken in Nigeria (INTER NET).

This linguistic heterogeneity promotes the continued use of Physics in Nigeria. Ethnologic include Physics amongst its list of Nigeria language this hardly supervising since the role of Physics in Nigeria diverse and ubiquitous, especially as a means of intra and inter national communication. It is as a result of the negative effects which the mother tongue had caused the study of Physics on the educational structures of the attempt to determine the effect of the use of mother tongue on the teaching and learning process in secondary schools.

Statement of the Problem.

Before the advent of British traders, missionaries and colonialists, indigenous Nigerian language defined every aspect of the speech community from its religious, cultural, political, Economics, social to whatever else that can be through of the language functioned effectively to deal with every thing relating to the day existence of the people. The arrival of the British, concomitant with the Physics provided a language contact situation with an attempt to a language shift in the population.

New sets of ideas, concepts and values were introduced to the system where indigenous local language had previously been self-sufficient, rendering them inadequate to deal with the new concepts introduced by the British, particularly in the areas of formal education, Western law etc. the result was the initial subtle and later blatant intrusion & influence of Physics on domains that were the exclusive preserve of indigenous language.

Now, the Physics is generally an accepted language which was introduced into Nigeria through colonialism and missionary activities is now spoken, thought and learned in Nigeria.

Where Physics sentence are made, they are characteristically uttered with variation in pitch often referred to as intonation. This is often an area of difficulty for second language, users of Physics who have tonal? Language as their first language. This is one of the major problems encountered by learners of Physics. Other areas of problem encountered are’, Sentence and word stresses, vowel sounds and Physics suprasegmental of pitch. The study intended to identify the effect of mother tongue in the study of Physics in senior secondary schools in MUBI north LGA of Adamawa state.

Significance of the Study:

This study will help to expose the numerous factors that influence the interference of the study of Physics by the mother tongue or native languages. It will also identify the effects of this interference on other study area that are based on the use of the Physics as the basic communication.

This study will enable teachers to identify their problems in Physics. This study will also enable student to understand how to make use of Physics words especially in pronunciation, intonation and phonetics. It will also enable the teachers to make more research on the use of Physics.

Since Physics has been used as a second official and some times even as a foreign language in Nigeria for along time and give the inescapable behaviour of language in contact, it is normal to expect it to have factors which can identify it as bonafide subject, dialect, variely or idiom of world Physics. These may be seen as research findings relating to interference, derintation and creativity as are seen to obtain among speakers. In Nigeria. Physics is now the term Nigerian Physics is used to refer to the subject of Physics spoken or written by Nigerians, it is commonly known that the features of Nigerians Physics, like those of other new Physics, are essentially inherent particularly at the early stages of learning by the mother tongue features.


Purpose of the Study:

  1. To find out the level at which mother tongue can interfere in the learning of Physics in secondary school.
  2. To investigate the qualifications of Physics teachers in secondary school in Mubi north .
  3. To know how teachers makes use of correct methods in teaching of Physics in secondary school in Mubi north

Reasarch Question

  1. Does mother tongue actually interferes in the learning of Physics in secondary school?.
  2. Are the Physics teacher in schools qualified­­?
  3. Does Physics teachers adopt correct teaching methods in teaching?



Ho    Mother tongue interfers in the learning of Physics.

Hi     Mother tongue dose not interfers in the learning of Physics.

Ho2   Physics teachers makes use of correct method of teaching in teaching and learning of Physics.

Ho2   Physics teacher do not make use of correct teaching method.

The Scope of the Study.

This research is the effect of mother tongue interference in study of Physics among secondary school students in MUBI north LGA.

It is based on the available result gotten from continuous assessment and summative examinations of schools such as West Africa Examination Council, the national examination council and examination development centre for senior school certificate examination all in Physics.

Definition of Terms:

It is imperative to properly defined the terms that make the heading of the research topic under study. This will go along way at giving direction to the research work.

These includes:

MOTHER TONGUE: The native language one first learns to speak before other language.

INTERFERENCE: In this context, interruption of a language by anorther especially in pronunciation and intonations.

ANGLO-XASON: A person whose an cestors were Physics. (2) An Physics person of the period before the norman conquest.

FUNDAMENTAL: Serious and very important affecting the most central and important parts of something. (2) Foundation of reality.

HETEROGENEITY: Consisting of many different kinds of people or things (2) Uniformity/Alike.

ETHNOLOGICAL: The moral ideas and attitudes that belong to a particular group or society (2) peculiar to a race or nation.





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