The Attitude To Infertility By Couples And Its Effect On Marriage Stability

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The Attitude To Infertility By Couples And Its Effect On Marriage Stability

Marriage institution is found in all societies and has been an age long affair that started from Adam. The origin of marriage therefore is traced back to the Biblical story of God’s creation story in the book of Genesis.According to Ponzetti (2003), in the United States and other western nations, marriage means a stabilized pattern of norms and roles associated with the mutual relationship between husband and wife. In almost all societies, it entails a legal contract (written or verbal) and this contract varies in the degree to which it can be broken. Olayinka (1987) defined marriage as asocial institution for the union of a man and his wife in body and soul. It fosters the coming together of two totally different individuals with their personality traits as husband and wife to plan for their future and set up their own family. We have different types of marriages as practiced in the world;Africa and Nigeria in particular. These include monogamy – the practice of having one wife at a time; polygamy – marrying of more than one wife; Polyandry – when a woman has more than one husband and Bigamy – the custom where a man or woman marries another person while his or her marriage is still in existence. In Nigeria marriages can be contracted traditionally, by the customary laws. It can also be contracted in the court registry – known as the ordinance or statutory marriage. Lastly,marriages can be contracted in the church, which is known as Christian marriage or in the mosque, known as Islamic marriage. Osarenren (2005) observed that of all the types of marriages explained above, the customary and Islamic marriages are potentially polygamous while marriages contracted at the registry are absolutely monogamous. Marriages are contracted also for different reasons and from different backgrounds. Weiten, Lloyd & Lashley (1991) noted that a great variety of motivational factors propel people into marriage. The first among them is the desire to participate in a socially sanctioned mutually rewarding intimate relationship. Another key factor is the social pressure exerted on the single adults to marry. The third reason is the popular view of people falling in love with each other. Ponzetti (2003) on the other hand, outlined his findings to also include that marriages are formed to produce children as well as for economic security.In summary, a multitude of motivational factors are involved in the decision to marry. Some of them are considered as ideal and others not ideal. Osarenren (2005) noted that many people marry for wrong reasons and as such have wrong attitudes toward marriage. These people tend to see marriage as something they can do away with if it becomes inconvenient.Marriages are meant to last till death, or for life. It is meant to be “for better for worse, richer and poorer, in sickness and in health,until death do us part”. But in practice, the situation is different,as many marriages are breaking up. Marital instability could be caused by a number of factors which include lack of respect,tolerance and understanding between couples, poor communication, third party interference, sexual incompatibility,financial difficulties, issues of religion and cultural practices and infertility. These issues make marriage to be full of stresses and strains and can lead to break up if not well managed.Researchers have confirmed that the attitude of couples towards marriage is very central to stable and happy marriage (Osarenren

Title Page


Approval Page




Table of content


Chapter 1


1:1 Introduction

1:2 Background of the Study

1:3 Statements of Problems

1:4 Objectives of the Study

1:5 Research Question

1:6 Study of the Hypothesis

1:7 Significance of the Study

1:8 Justification of the Study

1:9 Scope of the Study

1:10 Definition of Terms


Chapter 2

Literature Review

2:0 Introduction

2:1 Conceptual Clarification

2:2 Theoretical Framework

2:3 Literatures on the Subject Matter


Chapter 3

Research Methodology

3:0 Area of Study

3:1 Source of Data

3:2 Sampling Techniques

3:3 Method Data Collection

3:4 Method of Data Analysis

3:5 Reliability of Instrument

3:6 Validity of Instrument

3:7 Limitations of the Study


Chapter 4

Data Analysis

4:0 Introduction

4:1 Finding of the Study

4:2 Discussion of the Study

4:3 Summary


Chapter 5

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5:0 Summary of Findings

5:1 Conclusion

5:2 Recommendations

5:3 Proposal for Further Studies


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