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This study is designed to find out the perception of teachers on the effect of hawking on academic performance of student in Odeda Local Government Area of Ogun State. The population of the study comprised all primary schools in the Odeda Local Government Area. Random Sample Technique was used in selecting four primary schools out of the thirty primary schools in Abeokuta North Local Government Area of Ogun State. A structured questionnaire is used as the instrument of data collection.

In using the questionnaire, some teachers were requested to respond to it and pupils were also selected at random in the primary schools in used four of study. Simple percentage is used for analysis of data.

According to the data collected, it is deduced that economic depression of the family society is the major cause of child hawking. Risk involved sexual harassment, auto-mobile accidents, assault and kidnap.

Academically they cannot cope with the school work because there is no time for them to study and they would end up being a school dropout.

Majority of the teachers used in study on this issue were of the opinion that pupils who are hawker are dropout from the school. (85%) of teachers affirmed that child hawking increases the numbers of naissance, tugs and touts in the society.

This dropouts cannot contribute to the well being development of their community.

The study recommends the enforcement of laws against hawking, creation of employment opportunities and social protection to unemployed parents.

This will help to improve the standard of education specifically, in Odeda Local Government Area and the Ogun State in general.




Education is the best legacy a nation can give to her citizens especially the youth. This is because the development of any nation or community depends largely on the quality of education of such a nation.

            It is generally believed that the basic of any true developments must commerce with the development of human resources. Much than is said that formal education remains the vehicle for social economic development and social mobilization in any society.

            This generally laid that foundation of fallen standard in educational at the primary and secondary schools levels.

            According to (Shittu 2004) frequent changes of ministers and commissioner of education by political parties that emerged in the country’s political scene since 1979 has also bought about disparity in educational parties, which caused differential academic performance and classroom functioning of both teacher’s and student’s from state to state.

            According to (Olotu 1994) is the quest of finding survival feet, the nation has evolved series of socio-economic and educational measured and polities such as structure adjustment programme (SAP), Auterity measured universal primary Education (UPE), universal Basic Education (UBE), and devaluation of the naira. These measured have not improved the social economic and educational status of family in the country. They have rather increased their suffering and included the socio-economic gap between families (Johnson 1996), Lamented that poor due to these hard measure, such that they can no longer provide adequately for good education for their children. Effect of hawking on academic performance can also affect their children if their parent can no longer provide shelter, clothing, and special need of their children in school such as provision of text books, school uniforms and good medical care and so on.

            High level of illiteracy poverty and low socio-economic status coupled with high rate of potential and materials deprivation of students academic needs, which was necessitated by poor socio-economic situation of the country has through many farmers and old rural dwellers into untold financial problems such as poverty, lack of money to purchases necessary text books and working materials for their kinds.

            Also, many rural and sub rural dwellers can no longer pay the school fees of their wards. There ugly situation has promoted young school students to dropout of school to engaged in subsistence farming   and becomes house maids or engage in other manual jobs to support their academic pursit. Hence, many students have since taken schooling as a secondary assignment and school attendance on rotational basis.

            The resultant problem posed by this is poor academic performance in school examination like National Examination Council (NECO) and West African Examination Council (WAEC). This trend is posing huge problems to parent, government, political parties and stake holders in education. This paper thus examines the socio-economic factors performance of secondary school students in Odeda Local Government area of Ogun State.

1.2              STATEMENT OF THE STUDY

            The major purpose of this study is to investigate the perception of teacher’s on the effect of hawking academic performance of students in Odeda Local Government area of Ogun State.

            Specially to determine whether hawking affect their performance in school, factor that is responsible for hawking and to suggest ways of eradicating hawking  by children in order to achieve good education in Odeda Local Government area of Ogun State.


1                    What are the views of teachers on the effect of hawking on social development of pupils?

2                    What are the views of teachers on the effect of hawking on academic performance of pupils?

3                    What are the views of teachers on the effect of hawking on emotional development of pupils?

4                    What are the ways of eradicating child hawking?


The study was embarked upon to find out the factors that are responsible for the prevalence of hawking on academic performance of students in Odeda local government area, To investigate into the perception of teachers on academic performances of students. find out the perception of teachers on hawking, the effect of hawking on academic performance, its implications on child education and possible suggestion to this menace.


            Since the study intends to focus on the perception of teachers. The effect of hawking on academic performance of student.

            This kinds of environment can be found virtually in almost all the local government area in Ogun state, hence, the choice of Odeda Local Government area of Ogun State. The study will cover only secondary school in Odeda Local Government in Ogun State


Hawking: is to carry goods round for sales and again to exchange of goods for an agreed sum of money.
Academic: connoted with educational, especially in a college or university.
Performances: How successful some one or something is and how well they work.
Teacher: A person who teaches in a school.
Perception: The ability to see, hear, or become aware of something through the senses.
Kidnap: Carry off a person illegally in order to obtain a rain son.
Odeda: This is one of the Local Governments in Ogun State.

This material content is developed to serve as a GUIDE for students to conduct academic research

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