DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF BOOKS AND LIBRARY LENDING MANAGEMENT SYST…
Library management, its operation has never been easy to run effectively manually, lending of books, records of returned books, books in the library, its shift and many more. This research work will dwell more on developing and implementing a comprehensive library management system capable of handling the library operation, like book lending, retrieval/return, staffs/students registration, book registration, update, search and delete. I used the Entity-Relationship model to design a database that will store and organize the library’s data. I also created the database using SQL and populated it with some sample Data. In order to archive this research work, a sophisticated program language was chosen – VB.Net using visual studio 2012 ultimate development environment to implement the work. At the end of the research work the system was tested and its corresponding outcome was as expected, and all security issues was checked and considered for security measures. I conclude that library management software is a powerful and effective tools to be used in every library for effective management.
1.1BACKGROUND OF STUDY
According to Stephen, Maeve & Philip.’ (2007). in a traditional sense, a Library’ a large collection of books and can refer to the place in which the collection is housed. Today the term can refer to any collection, including digital sources, resources, and service. The collections can be of paint. audio, and visual materials in numerous format, including maps, print, and documents, microform, CDs, cassettes, video tapes, DVDs, video games, e-books, audio books and many other electronic resources. The places where this material is stored can range from public libraries subscription libraries, private libraries and can also be in digital form, stored on computers or accessible over the internet.
As technology is the faster growing trends, computers now a days are being put of human life. Through computers business, organizations schools, companies and etc. can transact to their clients in a convenient way using advance technologies and specially the application software, The application software is created for library functions through this “Library management System” librarian can lessen their errors and efforts in every book processing and transactions and in making reports.
Many institutions make a distinction between a circulating or lending library, where materials are expected and intended to be loaned to patrons, institutions, or other libraries, and a reference library where material is not lent out. Modern libraries are often a mixture of both, containing a general collection for circulation, and a reference collection which is restricted to the library premises. Also, increasingly, digital collections enable broader access to material that may not circulate in print, and enables libraries to expand their collections even without building a larger facility.
Academic libraries are generally located on college and university campuses and primarily serve the students and faculty of that and other academic institutions. Some academic libraries, especially those at public institutions, are accessible to members of the general public in whole or in part. Academic libraries are libraries that are hosted in post-secondary educational institutions, such as colleges and universities. Their main function are to provide support in research and resource linkage for students and faculty of the educational institution. Specific course-related resources are usually provided by the library, such as copies of textbooks and article readings held on ‘reserve’ (meaning that they are loaned out only on a short-term basis, usually a matter of hours).
Academic libraries offer workshops and courses outside of formal, graded coursework, which are meant to provide students with the tools necessary to succeed in their programs. These workshops may include help with citations, effective search techniques, journal databases, and electronic citation software. These workshops provide students with skills that can help them achieve success in their academic careers (and often, in their future occupations), which they may not learn inside the classroom.
1.2STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
In the existing system all the transaction of books are done manually, So taking more time for a transaction like borrowing a book or returning a book and also for searching of members and books. Another major problem is on preparing the list of books borrowed and the available books in the library will take more time, currently it is doing as a one day process for verifying all records. So after conducting the feasibility study a decision to make the manual Library management system to be computerized one was taken to consideration. Some of the problems being faced that brought about the new system design are as follows:
. Fast report generation is not possible.
. Tracing a book is difficult.
. Information about issue/return of the books is not properly maintained.
. No central database can be created as information is
. Records are not available in database.
1.3AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The main objective of the proposed system is to change the manual system into computerized System, to develop a system where lending and book management can be made at easy.
SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT
Here are some specific objectives of the proposed system. The system will,
Provides “better and efficient” service to staff/users.
Reduce the workload of employee.
Faster retrieval of information about the desired book.
Provide facility for proper monitoring reduce paper work and provide data security.
All details will be available on a click.
Fast access to database (Quick transaction)
More Storage Capacity
1.4SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The significance of this research work goes along with the research objective which was achieved in this study, this work is highly important to the management of any library as one of the feature of this system is to automate the book management in the library. Also, with the help of this research work, it has broaden the view and understanding of the researcher, inferably, wider and will also serve as a reference and study aid to other upcoming researcher and for academic material.